Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that you can contract by engaging in sexual activity (or physical contact with the extremities) with someone who has the disease. Its common symptoms include rashes, sores, or unusual discharges from the extremities or the pubic area.
For the sexually active young man or woman in Singapore, undergoing regular STD testing for any signs of a sexually transmitted disease is a necessity, as well as a preventive measure for the ones that can be significantly threatening to one’s overall health and well-being.
Here are some of the most common kinds of STDs to look out for:
The most common sexually transmitted disease is genital warts, which is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). This disease is characterized by warts on or around the extremities, especially near the anus, which can either be flat or raised warts, and can manifest alone or in groups.
HPV can also manifest as growths on the cervix and vagina when being treated at kensington STD clinic in Singapore, can’t be normally seen, and can be passed from person to person even if the carrier doesn’t show any symptoms.
The good news about HPV is that it often goes away on its own (and is preventable through vaccination) and the warts themselves can often be removed through medication or minor surgery. However, some types of HPV can lead to certain types of cancer among women if not detected early.
This disease is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), and this disease comes in two types. The first one, named HSV-1, is oral herpes, characterized by multiple cold sores that manifest around a person’s mouth. These can be passed from one person to another through oral sex, but may also be transmitted through kissing or the exchanging of saliva.
The second one, which is named HSV-2, is what we are more familiar with and known as genital herpes. Symptoms of these types of diseases include, but are not be limited to, small red bumps or sores around the genital area, swollen glands, itching, and pain during urination.
Chlamydia is one of the most common infections among young women. While there are usually no symptoms that occur, they can sometimes include unusual vaginal discharge, bleeding between periods, pain in your back, neck, and abdomen, and pain during sex.
This disease is quite contagious, and can be contracted either through sex or through contact with seminal or vaginal fluids, as well as passed from mother to child. However, the good news is that chlamydia is highly curable, with treatment usually consisting of a single-dose antibiotic.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is characterized as the progression of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This virus works by weakening the immune system of the body up to the point where simple illnesses such as the common cold could result in a person’s death.
It is common for people who are infected to exhibit no external physical symptoms for years at a time, but the virus can still significantly weaken the immune system of those afflicted. Symptoms, if any, include, but are not limited to, weight loss, chills, fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, swollen lymph nodes, and sores in the mouth and extremities.
Because there is currently no treatment for this disease, it is crucial to seek STD testing early in order to gain access to treatment as soon as possible.
What is STD Screening?
People who have had recent sexual encounters should seek STD screening as soon as possible, even (and especially if) there are no symptoms. Testing is usually quick and painless, and sometimes even comes for free. However, STD screening is not included unless you ask for it.
While taking an STD test is something that any young man or woman should never hope to test positive for, there is no reason to be particularly afraid. If detected early, doing a test for hiv at kensington clinic in Singapore and taking regular medications can prevent the progression and spread of these diseases.
In order to find out what kind of STD test you would need, it’s important to discuss with your doctor or nurse the following:
• Symptoms (if any) and their severity – For instance, if urination is painful or if there are swollen areas or unusual growths and discharges from and around your extremities
• History of sexual partner/s – How many people you have engaged in sexual activity with as well as whether your partner, or any of your past partners, has had an STD, can increase the likelihood that you have contracted an STD yourself
• The kind of sex you have (i.e., oral, anal, vaginal) engaged in – This is an especially crucial indicator for your nurse or doctor in order to help determine kind of disease that you may have contracted
• Protection – How often you use protection (i.e., condoms, dental dams) is another crucial indicator that will help your nurse or doctor determine the kind of disease that you have
• Other means of contracting STDs – Sharing needles or coming into contact with blood, seminal (semen and pre-semen) and vaginal fluids can also be a factor
What makes STD testing important is that it is often the best way of detecting diseases that may otherwise show no symptoms unless the disease has progressed enough to become an advanced threat to one’s health.
In the case of diseases such as HIV or AIDS, early detection can literally save lives, as the anti-retroviral medication will need to be taken every day for the rest of a person’s life in order for that person to continue to be able to function normally.
Note: This list is compiled in no particular order.